Adaptive methods of generating complex light arrays

PLUTO / PLUTO-2 Spatial Light Modulators
Bessel-/ Airy Beam Generation Complex Modulation Higher Order Modes / Optical Vortex / OAM
Published on:
Authors: Tianhong Wang, Viet Tran, Pascal Bassène, Edwin Fohtung, Trevor Rhone, and Moussa N’Gom
Abstract:

Structured light arrays of various shapes have been a cornerstone in optical science, driven by the complexities of precise and adaptable generation. This study introduces an approach using a spatial light modulator (SLM) as a generator for these arrays. By projecting a holographic mask onto the SLM, it functions simultaneously as an optical convolution device, focusing mechanism, and structured light beam mask. Our approach offers unmatched versatility, allowing for the experimental fabrication of traditional beam arrays like azimuthal Laguerre–Gaussian (LG), Bessel–Gaussian (BG), and Hermite–Gauss (HG) in the far-field. Notably, it has enabled a method of generating Ince–Gauss (IG) and LG radial mode beam arrays using a convolution solution. Our system provides exceptional control over array periodicity and intensity distribution, bypassing the Talbot self-imaging phenomenon seen in traditional setups. We provide an in-depth theoretical discussion, supported by empirical evidence, of our far-field results. This method has vast potential for applications in optical communication, data processing, and multi-particle manipulation. It paves the way for rapid generation of structured light with high spatial frequencies and complex shapes, promising transformative advances in these domains.

Restricted Access

Publication: Journal of the Optical Society of America A
Issue/Year: J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 41, 104-110 (2024)
DOI: 10.1364/JOSAA.507656
Link: https://doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.507656

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