Computer generation of optimal holograms for optical trap arrays

Author(s): Roberto Di Leonardo, Francesca Ianni, and Giancarlo Ruocco

Abstract:

“We propose a new iterative algorithm for obtaining optimal holograms targeted to the generation of arbitrary three dimensional structures of optical traps. The algorithm basic idea and performance are discussed in conjunction to other available algorithms. We show that all algorithms lead to a phase distribution maximizing a specific performance quantifier, expressed as a function of the trap intensities. In this scheme we go a step further by introducing a new quantifier and the associated algorithm leading to unprecedented efficiency and uniformity in trap light distributions. The algorithms performances are investigated both numerically and experimentally.”

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Publication: Optics Express
Issue/Year: Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 4, pp. 1913-1922
DOI: 10.1364/OE.15.001913

Optically controlled grippers for manipulating micron-sized particles

Author(s): Graham Gibson, Louise Barron, Fiona Beck, Graeme Whyte and Miles Padgett

Abstract:

“We report the development of a joystick controlled gripper for the real-time manipulation of micron-sized objects, driven using holographic optical tweezers (HOTs). The gripper consists of an arrangement of four silica beads, located in optical traps, which can be positioned and scaled in order to trap an object indirectly. The joystick can be used to grasp, move (lateral or axial), and change the orientation of the target object. The ability to trap objects indirectly allows us to demonstrate the manipulation of a strongly scattering micron-sized metallic particle.”

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Publication:New Journal of Physics
Issue/Year: New J. Phys. 9 14, Jan. 2007
DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/9/1/014

Automated trapping, assembly, and sorting with holographic optical tweezers

Author(s): Stephen C. Chapin, Vincent Germain, and Eric R. Dufresne

Abstract:

“We combine real-time feature recognition with holographic optical tweezers to automatically trap, assemble, and sort micron-sized colloidal particles. Closed loop control will enable new applications of optical micromanipulation in biology, medicine, materials science, and possibly quantum computation.”

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Publication: Optics Express
Issue/Year: Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 26, pp. 13095-13100 , 2006
DOI: 10.1364/OE.14.013095

Reverse orbiting of microparticles in optical vortices

Author(s): A. Jesacher, S. Fürhapter, C. Maurer, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte

Abstract:

“We report the observation of particles trapped at an air-water surface orbiting in a reverse direction with respect to the orbital angular momentum of the light field. The effect is explained by a combination of asymmetric particle shape and confinement of the particle on the 2D air-water interface. The experiment highlights the strong influence of the particle shape on the momentum transfer, an effect that is often not considered in optical trapping experiments.”

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Publication: Optics Letters
Issue/Year: Optics Letters, Vol. 31, Issue 19, pp. 2824-2826
DOI: 10.1364/OL.31.002824

Algorithm for computing holographic optical tweezers at video rates

Author(s): Mario Montes-Usategui, Encarnación Pleguezuelos, Jordi Andilla, Estela Martín-Badosa, and Ignacio Juvells

Abstract:

“Digital holography enables the creation of multiple optical traps at arbitrary three-dimensional locations and spatial light modulators permit updating those holograms at video rates. However, the time required for computing the holograms makes interactive optical manipulation of several samples difficult to achieve. We introduce an algorithm for computing holographic optical tweezers that is both easy to implement and capable of speeds in excess of 10 Hz when running on a Pentium IV computer. A discussion of the pros and cons of the algorithm, a mathematical analysis of the efficiency of the resulting traps, as well as results of the three-dimensional manipulation of polystyrene micro spheres are included.”

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Publication: SPIE Digital Library
Issue/Year: Proceedings Volume 6326, Optical Trapping and Optical Micromanipulation III; 63262X (2006)
DOI: 10.1117/12.680504

Design of a low-cost interactive holographic optical tweezers system

Author(s): E. Pleguezuelos, J. Andilla, A. Carnicer, E. Martín-Badosa, S. Vallmitjana, and M. Montes-Usategui.

Abstract:

“The paper describes the design of an inexpensive holographic optical tweezers setup. The setup is accompanied by software that allows real-time manipulation of the sample and takes into account the experimental features of the setup, such as aberration correction and LCD modulation. The LCD, a HoloEye LCR-2500, is the physical support of the holograms, which are calculated using the fast random binary mask algorithm. The real-time software achieves 12 fps at full LCD resolution (including aberration correction and modulation) when run on a Pentium IV HT, 3.2 GHz computer.”

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Publication: SPIE Proceedings
Issue/Year: Proc. SPIE 6326, 63262Q (2006)
DOI: 10.1117/12.680593

Dynamic speckle illumination microscopy with translated versus randomized speckle patterns

Author(s): Cathie Ventalon and Jerome Mertz

Abstract:

“Dynamic speckle illumination (DSI) microscopy is a widefield fluorescence imaging technique that provides depth discrimination. The technique relies on the illumination of a sample with a sequence of speckle patterns. We consider an image processing algorithm based on a differential intensity variance between consecutive images, and demonstrate that DSI sectioning strength depends on the dynamics of the speckle pattern. Translated speckle patterns confer greater sectioning strength than randomized speckle patterns because they retain out-of-focus correlations that lead to better background rejection. We present a theory valid for arbitrary point-spread-functions, which we corroborate with experimental results.”

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Publication: Optics Express
Issue/Year: Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 16, pp. 7198-7209, 2006
DOI: 10.1364/OE.14.007198

Spiral interferogram analysis

Author(s): Alexander Jesacher, Severin Fürhapter, Stefan Bernet, and Monika Ritsch-Marte

Abstract:

“Interference microscopy using spatial Fourier filtering with a vortex phase element leads to interference fringes that are spirals rather than closed rings. Depressions and elevations in the optical thickness of the sample can be distinguished immediately by the sense of rotation of the spirals. This property allows an unambiguous reconstruction of the object’s phase profile from one single interferogram. We investigate the theoretical background of “spiral interferometry” and suggest various demodulation techniques based on the processing of one single interferogram or multiple interferograms.”

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Publication: Journal of the Optical Society of America A
Issue/Year: JOSA A, Vol. 23, Issue 6, pp. 1400-1409 (2006)
DOI: 10.1364/JOSAA.23.001400

Quantitative imaging of complex samples by spiral phase contrast microscopy

Author(s): Stefan Bernet, Alexander Jesacher, Severin Fürhapter, Christian Maurer, and Monika Ritsch-Marte

Abstract:

“Recently a spatial spiral phase filter in a Fourier plane of a microscopic imaging setup has been demonstrated to produce edge enhancement and relief-like shadow formation of amplitude and phase samples. Here we demonstrate that a sequence of at least 3 spatially filtered images, which are recorded with different rotational orientations of the spiral phase plate, can be used to obtain a quantitative reconstruction of both, amplitude and phase information of a complex microscopic sample, i.e. an object consisting of mixed absorptive and refractive components. The method is demonstrated using a calibrated phase sample, and an epithelial cheek cell.”

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Publication: Optics Express
Issue/Year: Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 9, pp. 3792-3805, 2006
DOI: 10.1364/OE.14.003792

Synthesis of multiple collinear helical modes generated by a phase-only element

Author(s): Jiao Lin, Xiaocong Yuan, Shaohua H. Tao, and Ronald E. Burge

Abstract:

“Phase-only elements are generally more desirable than complex-amplitude-modulated elements not only because of the higher diffraction efficiency but the readier implementation and fabrication. A novel iterative algorithm is proposed for generating multiple helical modes by a single phase-only element. A superposition of four helical modes is demonstrated experimentally by using a spatial light modulator.”

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Publication: Journal of the Optical Society of America A
Issue/Year: JOSA A, Vol. 23, Issue 5, pp. 1214-1218, 2006
DOI: 10.1364/JOSAA.23.001214