Author(s): Cecile O. Mejean, Andrew W. Schaefer, Eleanor A. Millman, Paul Forscher, and Eric R. Dufresne


“We describe open-loop and closed-loop multiplexed force measurements using holographic optical tweezers. We quantify the performance of our novel video-based control system in a driven suspension of colloidal particles. We demonstrate our system’s abilities with the measurement of the mechanical coupling between Aplysia bag cell growth cones and beads functionalized with the neuronal cell adhesion molecule, apCAM. We show that cells form linkages which couple beads to the underlying cytoskeleton. These linkages are intermittent, stochastic and heterogeneous across beads distributed near the leading edge of a single growth cone.”

Link to Publications Page

Publication: Optics Express, (free download)

Issue/Year/DOI: Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 8, pp. 6209-6217 (2009)