Maluenda, David; Aviñoá, Marcos; Ahmadi, Kavan; Martínez-Herrero, Rosario & Carnicer, Artur


“The detection of the longitudinal component of a highly focused electromagnetic beam is not a simple task. Although in recent years several methods have been reported in the literature, this measure is still not routinely performed. This paper describes a method that allows us to estimate and visualize the longitudinal component of the field in a relatively simple way. First, we measure the transverse components of the focused field in several planes normal to the optical axis. Then, we determine the complex amplitude of the two transverse field components: the phase is obtained using a phase recovery algorithm, while the phase difference between the two components is determined from the Stokes parameters. Finally, the longitudinal component is estimated using the Gauss’s theorem. Experimental results show an excellent agreement with theoretical predictions.”

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Publication: Scientific Reports
Issue/Year: Scientific Reports, Volume 11; Number 1; 2021
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-97164-z