Shuai Shi, Ming-Xin Dong, Yi-Chen Yu, Ying-Hao Ye, Wei Zhang, Kai Wang, Guang-Can Guo, Dong-Sheng Ding and Bao-Sen Shi


“High-dimensional entangled states and quantum repeaters are important elements in efficient long-range quantum communications. The high-dimensional property associated with the orbital angular momentum (OAM) of each photon improves the bandwidth of the quantum communication network. However, the generation of high-dimensional entangled states by the concentration method reduces the brightness of the entangled light source, making extensions to these higher dimensions difficult. To overcome this difficulty, we propose to generate entangled qutrits in the OAM space by loading the pump light with OAM. Compared with the concentration method, our experimental results show that the rate of generation of photon pairs improves significantly with an observed 5.5-fold increase. The increased generation rate provides the system with the ability to resist the noise and improve the fidelity of the state. The S value of the Clauser–Horne–Shimony–Holt inequality increases from 2.48 ± 0.07 to 2.69 ± 0.04 under the same background noise, and the fidelity of the reconstructed density matrix improves from 57.8 ± 0.14% to 70 ± 0.17%. These achievements exhibit the enormous advantages of high-dimensional entanglement generation.”

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Publication: Optics Express
Issue/Year: Vol. 28, Issue 8, pp. 11538-11547
DOI: 10.1364/OE.383378