Dynamic 2D implementation of 3D diffractive optics

Author(s):

Haiyan Wang and Rafael Piestun

Abstract:

“Volumetric computer-generated diffractive optics offer advantages over planar 2D implementations, including the generation of space-variant functions and the multiplexing of information in space or frequency domains. Unfortunately, despite remarkable progress, fabrication of high volumetric space-bandwidth micro- and nanostructures
is still in its infancy. Furthermore, existing 3D diffractive optics implementations are static while programmable volumetric spatial light modulators (SLMs) are still years or decades away. In order to address these shortcomings, we propose the implementation of volumetric diffractive optics equivalent functionality via cascaded
planar elements. To illustrate the principle, we design 3D diffractive optics and implement a two-layer continuous phase-only design on a single SLM with a folded setup. The system provides dynamic and efficient multiplexing capability. Numerical and experimental results show this approach improves system performance such as diffraction
efficiency, spatial/spectral selectivity, and number of multiplexing functions relative to 2D devices while providing dynamic large space-bandwidth relative to current static volume diffractive optics. The limitations and capabilities of dynamic 3D diffractive optics are discussed.”

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Publication: Optica

Issue/Year/DOI: Optica Volume 5, Issues 10
DOI: doi.org/10.1364/OPTICA.5.001220

Deep speckle correlation: a deep learning approach toward scalable imaging through scattering media

Author(s):

Yunzhe Li and Yujia Xue and Lei Tian

Abstract:

“Imaging through scattering is an important yet challenging problem. Tremendous progress has been made by exploiting the deterministic input–output “transmission matrix” for a fixed medium. However, this “one-to-one” mapping is highly susceptible to speckle decorrelations – small perturbations to the scattering medium lead to model errors and severe degradation of the imaging performance. Our goal here is to develop a new framework that is highly scalable to both medium perturbations and measurement requirement. To do so, we propose a statistical “one-to-all” deep learning (DL) technique that encapsulates a wide range of statistical variations for the model to be resilient to speckle decorrelations. Specifically, we develop a convolutional neural network (CNN) that is able to learn the statistical information contained in the speckle intensity patterns captured on a set of diffusers having the same macroscopic parameter. We then show for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, that the trained CNN is able to generalize and make high-quality object predictions through an entirely different set of diffusers of the same class. Our work paves the way to a highly scalable DL approach for imaging through scattering media.”

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Publication: Optica

Issue/Year/DOI: Optica Volume 5, Issue 10 pp. 1181-1190 (2018)
DOI: 10.1364/OPTICA.5.001181

Measuring orbital angular momentums of light based on petal interference patterns

Author(s):

Shengzhe Pan and Chunying Pei and Shuang Liu and Jin Wei and Di Wu and Zhanou Liu and Yaling Yin and Yong Xia and Jianping Yin

Abstract:

“We demonstrate an interferometric method to measure the topological charges of the vortex beams carrying orbital angular momentums (OAMs). The petal interference patterns are generated by combining modulated vortex beams and an unmodulated incident Gaussian beam reflected by a spatial light modulator. The number of petals is in agreement with the value of OAM that the modulated beam carries, by which we analyze the characteristic of interference patterns of integer OAM beams, including intensity profiles, phase profiles, and hologram structures. We also uncover the principle of how radial parameter l influences the hollow radius of OAM beams. Beams carrying non-integer orbital angular momentums are visualized with our method, from which we observe the evolution of a speckle generated by the decimal part of holograms. A kind of hologram is designed to prove that the petal near the singularity line is separated owing to the diffraction enhancement. All the experiment results agree well with the simulated results.”

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Publication: OSA Continuum
Issue/Year/DOI: OSA Continuum Volume 1, Issue 2 (2018)
DOI: 10.1364/OSAC.1.000451

Self-healing high-dimensional quantum key distribution using hybrid spin-orbit Bessel states

Author(s):

Isaac Nape, Eileen Otte, Adam Vallés, Carmelo Rosales-Guzmán, Filippo Cardano, Cornelia Denz, and Andrew Forbes

Abstract:

“Using spatial modes for quantum key distribution (QKD) has become highly topical due to their infinite dimensionality, promising high information capacity per photon. However, spatial distortions reduce the feasible secret key rates and compromise the security of a quantum channel. In an extreme form such a distortion might be a physical obstacle, impeding line-of-sight for free-space channels. Here, by controlling the radial degree of freedom of a photon’s spatial mode, we are able to demonstrate hybrid high-dimensional QKD through obstacles with self-reconstructing single photons. We construct high-dimensional mutually unbiased bases using spin-orbit hybrid states that are radially modulated with a non-diffracting Bessel-Gaussian (BG) profile, and show secure transmission through partially obstructed quantum links. Using a prepare-measure protocol we report higher quantum state self-reconstruction and information retention for the non-diffracting BG modes as compared to Laguerre-Gaussian modes, obtaining a quantum bit error rate (QBER) that is up to 3× lower. This work highlights the importance of controlling the radial mode of single photons in quantum information processing and communication as well as the advantages of QKD with hybrid states.”

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Publication: Optics Express

Issue/Year/DOI: Optics Express Volume 26, Issue 21
DOI: 10.1364/OE.26.026946

Laser surface structuring of diamond with ultrashort Bessel beams

Author(s):

Sanjeev Kumar, Shane M. Eaton, Monica Bollani, Belén Sotillo, Andrea Chiappini, Maurizio Ferrari, Roberta Ramponi, Paolo Di Trapani, Ottavia Jedrkiewicz

Abstract:

“We investigate the effect of ultrafast laser surface machining on a monocrystalline synthetic diamond sample by means of pulsed Bessel beams. We discuss the differences of the trench-like microstructures generated in various experimental conditions, by varying the beam cone angle, the energy and pulse duration, and we present a brief comparison of the results with those obtained with the same technique on a sapphire sample. In diamond, we obtain V-shaped trenches whose surface width varies with the cone angle, and which are featured by micrometer sized channels having depths in the range of 10–20 μm. By laser writing crossed trenches we are also able to create and tailor on the diamond surface pillar-like or tip-like microstructures potentially interesting for large surface functionalization, cells capturing and biosensing.”

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Publication: Scientific Reports

Issue/Year/DOI: Scientific Reports 8, Article number: 14021 (2018)

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-32415-0

Generation of elliptic perfect optical vortex and elliptic perfect vector beam by modulating the dynamic and geometric phase

Author(s):

Delin Li and Chenliang Chang and Shouping Nie and Shaotong Feng and Jun Ma and Caojin Yuan

Abstract:

“We propose a method for generating an elliptic perfect vector beam (EPVB) by modulating the dynamic and geometric phases. It is theoretically demonstrated that the shape of the beam can be changed from circle to ellipse by setting the scale factor m of the dynamic phase, but the diameter of it is independent on the topological charge and the polarization order. Since the geometric phases provided by the dialectic Q-plate vary with the polarization state of the illumination beam, EPVB can be converted to the elliptic perfect optical vortex (EPOV) beam by changing the polarization state of the illuminating beam. Therefore, we also provide an alternative method to generate the EPOV beam. The experimental results agree well with the theoretical expectations.”

Link to Publications Page

Publication: Applied Physics Letters
Issue/Year/DOI: Applied Physics Letters Volume 113, Issue 12

DOI: 10.1063/1.5048327

Single-shot memory-effect video

Author(s):

Xiaohan Li and Andrew Stevens and Joel A. Greenberg and Michael E. Gehm

Abstract:

“Imaging through opaque scattering media is critically important in applications ranging from biological and astronomical imaging to metrology and security. While the random process of scattering in turbid media produces scattered light that appears uninformative to the human eye, a wealth of information is contained in the signal and can be recovered using computational post-processing techniques. Recent studies have shown that statistical correlations present in the scattered light, known as ‘memory effects’, allow for diffraction-limited imaging through opaque media without detailed knowledge of (or access to) the source or scatterer. However, previous methods require that the object and/or scatterer be static during the measurement. We overcome this limitation by combining traditional memory effect imaging with coded-aperture-based computational imaging techniques, which enables us to realize for the first time single-shot video of arbitrary dynamic scenes through dynamic, opaque media. This has important implications for a wide range of real-world imaging scenarios.”

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Publication: Scientific Reports

Issue/Year/DOI: Scientific Reports 8, Article number: 13402 (2018)
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-31697-8

Nonlinear generation of Airy vortex beam

Author(s):
Hui Li and Haigang Liu and Xianfeng Chen

Abstract:

“Recently, hybrid beams have sparked considerable interest because of their properties coming from different kinds of beams at the same time. Here, we experimentally demonstrate Airy vortex beam generation in the nonlinear frequency conversion process when the fundamental wave with its phase modulated by a spatial light modulator is incident into a homogeneous nonlinear medium. In our experiments, second harmonic Airy circle vortex beams and Airy ellipse vortex beams were generated and the topological charge was also measured. The parabolic trajectory of those Airy vortex beams can be easily adjusted by altering the fundamental wave phase. This study provides a simple way to generate second harmonic Airy vortex beams, which may broaden its future use in optical manipulation and light-sheet microscopy.”

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Publication: Optics Express

Issue/Year/DOI: Optics Express Volume 26, Issue 16
DOI: 10.1364/oe.26.021204

Multiple-plane image formation by Walsh zone plates

Author(s):

Federico Machado, Vicente Ferrando, Fernando Giménez, Walter D. Furlan, and Juan A. Monsoriu

Abstract:

“A radial Walsh filter is a phase binary diffractive optical element characterized by a set of concentric rings that take the phase values 0 or π, corresponding to the values + 1 or −1 of a given radial Walsh function. Therefore, a Walsh filter can be re-interpreted as an aperiodic multifocal zone plate, capable to produce images of multiple planes simultaneously in a single output plane of an image forming system. In this paper, we experimentally demonstrate for the first time the focusing capabilities of these structures. Additionally, we report the first achievement of images of multiple-plane objects in a single image plane with these aperiodic diffractive lenses.”

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Publication: Optics Express

Issue/Year/DOI: Optics Express Volume 26, Issue 16
DOI: 10.1364/OE.26.021210

Generation of reconfigurable optical traps for microparticles spatial manipulation through dynamic split lens inspired light structures

Author(s):

Angel Lizana and Haolin Zhang and Alex Turpin and Albert Van Eeckhout and Fabian A. Torres-Ruiz and Asticio Vargas and Claudio Ramirez and Francesc Pi and Juan Campos

Abstract:

“We present an experimental method, based on the use of dynamic split-lens configurations, useful for the trapping and spatial control of microparticles through the photophoretic force. In particular, the concept of split-lens configurations is exploited to experimentally create customized and reconfigurable three-dimensional light structures, in which carbon coated glass microspheres, with sizes in a range of 63–75 μm, can be captured. The generation of light spatial structures is performed by properly addressing phase distributions corresponding to different split-lens configurations onto a spatial light modulator (SLM). The use of an SLM allows a dynamic variation of the light structures geometry just by modifying few control parameters of easy physical interpretation. We provide some examples in video format of particle trapping processes. What is more, we also perform further spatial manipulation, by controlling the spatial position of the particles in the axial direction, demonstrating the generation of reconfigurable three-dimensional photophoretic traps for microscopic manipulation of absorbing
particles.”

Link to Publications Page

Publication: Scientific Reports

Issue/Year/DOI: Scientific Reports volume 8, Article number: 11263 (2018)
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-29540-1

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