Experimental investigation in Airy transform of Gaussian beams with optical vortex

Author(s):

Xu, Yi-Qing; Li, Xia; Zhou, Lu; Zhou, Yi-Min; Wang, Fei & Zhou, Guo-Quan

Abstract:

“The Airy transform was first introduced for a Gaussian beam, and the output beam is an Airy beam. When the Gaussian beam is extended to the Gaussian beam with optical vortex, what kind of output beam will be achieved by executing the Airy transformation. Therefore, the experimental research on Airy transformation of a Gaussian beam with optical vortex is carried out, including the generation of Gaussian beams with optical vortex, the realization of Airy transform, and the related measurements of the output beams. The phase pattern is indirect measured and is recovered from the intensity pattern which is the interference result of a plane wave and the output beam. The experimental measurement results of the light intensity and the phase patterns of transformed Gaussian beams with the optical vortex are consistent with the corresponding numerical simulation results.

Based on the first and the second moments of light intensity, the centroid and the beam size are measured. According to the hyperbolic law of the beam width along the axial propagation distance, the propagation factor of the output beam is measured. The influences of the Airy coefficients and the topological charge on the intensity pattern, the phase pattern, the centroid, the beam size, and the propagation factor of transformed Gaussian beams with optical vortex are experimentally investigated, respectively. The intensity pattern, the phase pattern, the centroid, the beam size, and the propagation factor of a transformed Gaussian beam with optical vortex are also compared with those of the corresponding transformed Gaussian vortex beam. This experiment fully proves the effect of the optical vortex on the Airy transformation of Gaussian beams. Meanwhile, this study offers an optional method to generate Airy-like beams from Gaussian beams with optical vortex, which is beneficial to the applications of Gaussian beams with optical vortex.”

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Publication: Results in Physics
Issue/Year: Results in Physics, Volume 28; Pages 104588; 2021
DOI: 10.1016/j.rinp.2021.104588

Twin curvilinear vortex beams

Author(s):

Wang, Zhuang; Yuan, Zheng; Gao, Yuan; Yan, Wenxiang; Liang, Chunjuan; Ren, Zhi-Cheng; Wang, Xi-Lin; Ding, Jianping & Wang, Hui-Tian

Abstract:

“We report on a novel curvilinear optical vortex beam named twin curvilinear vortex beams (TCVBs) with intensity and phase distribution along a pair of two- or three-dimensional curves, both of which share the same shape and the same topological charge. The TCVBs also possess the character of perfect optical vortex, namely having a size independent of topological charge. We theoretically demonstrate that a TCVB rather than a single-curve vortex beam can be created by the Fourier transform of a cylindrically polarized beam. The behavior of TCVBs generated through our method is investigated by simulation and experiment, including interference experiments for identifying the vortex property of the TCVBs. The TCVBs may find applications in optical tweezers, such as trapping low refractive index particles in the dark region between two curves and driving them moving along the curvilinear trajectory.”

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Publication: Optics Express
Issue/Year: Optics Express, Volume 29; Number 9; Pages 14112; 2021
DOI: 10.1364/oe.423803

Optimizing image quality for holographic near-eye displays with Michelson Holography

Author(s):

Choi, Suyeon; Kim, Jonghyun; Peng, Yifan & Wetzstein, Gordon

Abstract:

“We introduce Michelson holography (MH), a holographic display technology that optimizes image quality for emerging holographic near-eye displays. Using two spatial light modulators (SLMs), MH is capable of leveraging destructive interference to optically cancel out undiffracted light corrupting the observed image. We calibrate this system using emerging camera-in-the-loop holography techniques and demonstrate state-of-the-art 2D and multi-plane holographic image quality.”

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Publication: Optica
Issue/Year: Optica, Volume 8; Number 2; Pages 143; 2021
DOI: 10.1364/optica.410622

WISHED: Wavefront imaging sensor with high resolution and depth ranging

Author(s):

Yicheng Wu, Fengqiang Li, Florian Willomitzer, Ashok Veeraraghavan, Oliver Cossairt

Abstract:

“Phase-retrieval based wavefront sensors have been shown to reconstruct the complex field from an object with a high spatial resolution. Although the reconstructed complex field encodes the depth information of the object, it is impractical to be used as a depth sensor for macroscopic objects, since the unambiguous depth imaging range is limited by the optical wavelength. To improve the depth range of imaging and handle depth discontinuities, we propose a novel three-dimensional sensor by leveraging wavelength diversity and wavefront sensing. Complex fields at two optical wavelengths are recorded, and a synthetic wavelength can be generated by correlating those wavefronts. The proposed system achieves high lateral and depth resolutions. Our experimental prototype shows an unambiguous range of more than 1,000 x larger compared with the optical wavelengths, while the depth precision is up to 9µm for smooth objects and up to 69µm for rough objects. We experimentally demonstrate 3D reconstructions for transparent, translucent, and opaque objects with smooth and rough surfaces.”

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Publication: 2020 IEEE International Conference on Computational Photography (ICCP)
DOI: 10.1109/ICCP48838.2020.9105280

Method for single-shot fabrication of chiral woodpile photonic structures using phase-controlled interference lithography

Author(s):

Swagato Sarkar, Krishnendu Samanta, and Joby Joseph

Abstract:

“In this report, we propose a large-area, scalable and reconfigurable single-shot
optical fabrication method using phase-controlled interference lithography (PCIL) to realize
submicrometer chiral woodpile photonic structures. This proposed technique involves a 3 + 3
double-cone geometry with beams originated from a computed phase mask displayed on a single
spatial light modulator. Simulation studies show the filtering response of such structures for
linearly polarized plane wave illumination, with structural features tunable through a single
parameter of interference angle. Further, these single chiral woodpile structures show dual
chirality on illumination with both right circularly and left circularly polarized light through
simulation. Experimentally fabricated patterns on photoresist show resemblance to the desired
chiral woodpile structures.”

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Publication: Optics Express
Issue/Year: Volume 28, Issue 3, pp. 4347-4361
DOI: 10.1364/OE.384987

Experimental optical trapping of micro-particles with Frozen Waves

Author(s):

Rafael A. B. Suarez and Antonio A. R. Neves and Marcos R. R. Gesualdi and Leonardo A. Ambrosio and Michel Zamboni-Rached

Abstract:

“This work presents the first optical trapping experimental demonstration of micro-particles with Frozen Waves. Frozen Waves are an efficient method to model longitudinally the intensity of non-diffracting beams obtained by superposing co-propagating Bessel beams with the same frequency and order. The experimental setup of a holographic optical tweezers using spatial light modulators has been assembled and optimized. We investigate the optical force distribution acting on micro-particles of two types of Frozen Waves.The results show that it is possible to obtain greater stability for optical trapping using Frozen Waves. The significant enhancement in trapping geometry from this approach shows promising applications for optical tweezers, micro-manipulations over a broad range. ”

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Publication: Optics Letters
Issue/Year: Vol. 45, Issue 9, pp. 2514-2517
DOI: 10.1364/OL.390909

Super-resolved angular displacement estimation based upon a Sagnac interferometer and parity measurement

Author(s):

Jian-Dong Zhang, Zi-Jing Zhang, Long-Zhu Cen, Jun-Yan Hu and Yuan Zhao

Abstract:

“Super-resolved angular displacement estimation is of crucial significance to the field
of quantum information processing. Here we report an estimation protocol based on a Sagnac
interferometer fed by a coherent state carrying orbital angular momentum. In a lossless scenario,
through the use of parity measurement, our protocol can achieve a 4`-fold super-resolved output
with quantum number `; meanwhile, a shot-noise-limited sensitivity saturating the quantum
Cramér-Rao bound is reachable. We also consider the effects of several realistic factors, including
nonideal state preparation, photon loss, and inefficient measurement. Finally, with mean photon
number 𝑁¯ = 2.297 and ℓ = 1 taken, we experimentally demonstrate a super-resolved effect of
angular displacement with a factor of 7.88.”

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Publication: Optics Express
Issue/Year: Vol. 28, Issue 3, pp. 4320-4332
DOI: 10.1364/OE.384082

Generation of Tunable Fractional Vector Curvilinear Beams With Controllable Phase Distribution

Author(s):

Fengyan Gu, Zhongzheng Gu, Chenliang Chang, Caojin Yuan, Shaotong Feng, Fangjian Xing and Shouping Nie

Abstract:

“An approach to generate the tunable fractional vector curvilinear beams (VCBs) was proposed. The scheme is based on the vector optical field generator (VOFG) system, where the two orthogonal polarized scalar curvilinear beams (SCBs) are generated to be the base vector components, and coaxially superposed by a Ronchi grating. We design a new phase distribution with several loops of 0 to π in order to generate more dark gaps. The phase distribution becomes nonuniform by varying the phase variation rate and the positions of the dark gaps are changed. Using the different parameters of the curves, the fractional VCBs with different shapes are achieved. The two orthogonal polarized SCBs with the opposite topological charges are modulated to perform the beam conversion by a phase-only computer-generated hologram (CGH). Our experimental results comply with the theory and the radial opening of the dark gaps may have some applications for guiding and transporting particles.”

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Publication: IEEE Photonics Journal
Issue/Year: Volume: 11 Issue: 6 (2019)
DOI: 10.1109/JPHOT.2019.2942041

Wirtinger holography for near-eye displays

Author(s):

Chakravarthula, Praneeth; Peng, Yifan; Kollin, Joel; Fuchs, Henry & Heide, Felix

Abstract:

“Near-eye displays using holographic projection are emerging as an exciting display approach for virtual and augmented reality at high-resolution without complex optical setups — shifting optical complexity to computation. While precise phase modulation hardware is becoming available, phase retrieval algorithms are still in their infancy, and holographic display approaches resort to heuristic encoding methods or iterative methods relying on various relaxations.
In this work, we depart from such existing approximations and solve the phase retrieval problem for a hologram of a scene at a single depth at a given time by revisiting complex Wirtinger derivatives, also extending our framework to render 3D volumetric scenes. Using Wirtinger derivatives allows us to pose the phase retrieval problem as a quadratic problem which can be minimized with first-order optimization methods. The proposed Wirtinger Holography is flexible and facilitates the use of different loss functions, including learned perceptual losses parametrized by deep neural networks, as well as stochastic optimization methods. We validate this framework by demonstrating holographic reconstructions with an order of magnitude lower error, both in simulation and on an experimental hardware prototype.”

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Publication: ACM Transactions on Graphics (TOG)
Issue/Year: ACM Transactions on Graphics (TOG), Volume 38; Number 6; Pages 213; 2019
DOI: 10.1145/3355089.3356539

Optical see-through holographic near-eye-display with eyebox steering and depth of field control

Author(s):
Jae-Hyeung Park and Seong-Bok Kim

Abstract:

“We propose an optical see-through holographic near-eye-display that can control the depth of field of individual virtual three-dimensional image and replicate the eyebox with dynamic steering. For optical see-through capability and eyebox duplication, a holographic optical element is used as an optical combiner where it functions as multiplexed tilted concave mirrors forming multiple copies of the eyebox. Fo1r depth of field control and eyebox steering, computer generated holograms of three-dimensional objects are synthesized with different ranges of angular spectrum. In optical experiment, it has been confirmed that the proposed system can present always-focused images with large depth of field and three-dimensional images at different distances with shallow depth of field at the same time without any time-multiplexing.”

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Publication: Optics Express
Issue/Year: Optics Express Volume 26, Issue 21
DOI: 10.1364/oe.26.027076