Accommodative holography: improving accommodation response for perceptually realistic holographic displays

Author(s):

Kim, Dongyeon; Nam, Seung-Woo; Lee, Byounghyo; Seo, Jong-Mo & Lee, Byoungho

Abstract:

“Holographic displays have gained unprecedented attention as next-generation virtual and augmented reality applications with recent achievements in the realization of a high-contrast image through computer-generated holograms (CGHs). However, these holograms show a high energy concentration in a limited angular spectrum, whereas the holograms with uniformly distributed angular spectrum suffer from a severe speckle noise in the reconstructed images. In this study, we claim that these two physical phenomena attributed to the existing CGHs significantly limit the support of accommodation cues, which is known as one of the biggest advantages of holographic displays. To support the statement, we analyze and evaluate various CGH algorithms with contrast gradients – a change of contrast over the change of the focal diopter of the eye – simulated based on the optical configuration of the display system and human visual perception models. We first introduce two approaches to improve monocular accommodation response in holographic viewing experience; optical and computational approaches to provide holographic images with sufficient contrast gradients. We design and conduct user experiments with our prototype of holographic near-eye displays, validating the deficient support of accommodation cues in the existing CGH algorithms and demonstrating the feasibility of the proposed solutions with significant improvements on accommodative gains.”

Link to Publications Page

Publication: ACM Transactions on Graphics
Issue/Year: ACM Transactions on Graphics, Volume 41; Number 4; Pages 1–15; 2022
DOI: 10.1145/3528223.3530147