Non-spreading Bessel spatiotemporal optical vortices

Author(s):

Cao, Qian; Chen, Jian; Lu, Keyin; Wan, Chenhao; Chong, Andy & Zhan, Qiwen

Abstract:

“Non-spreading nature of Bessel spatiotemporal wavepackets is theoretically and experimentally investigated and orders of magnitude improvement in the spatiotemporal spreading has been demonstrated. The spatiotemporal confinement provided by the Bessel spatiotemporal wavepacket is further exploited to transport transverse orbital angular momentum through embedding spatiotemporal optical vortex into the Bessel spatiotemporal wavepacket, constructing a new type of wavepacket: Bessel spatiotemporal optical vortex. Both numerical and experimental results demonstrate that spatiotemporal vortex structure can be well maintained and confined through much longer propagation. High order spatiotemporal optical vortices can also be better confined in the spatiotemporal domain and prevented from further breaking up, overcoming a potential major obstacle for future applications of spatiotemporal vortex.”

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Publication: Science Bulletin
Issue/Year: Science Bulletin, 2021
DOI: 10.1016/j.scib.2021.07.031

Quantum cryptography technique: A way to improve security challenges in mobile cloud computing (MCC)

Author(s):

Abidin, Shafiqul; Swami, Amit; Ramirez-As{‘{i}}s, Edwin; Alvarado-Tolentino, Joseph; Maurya, Rajesh Kumar & Hussain, Naziya

Abstract:

“Quantum cryptography concentrates on the solution of cryptography that is imperishable due to the reason of fortification of secrecy which is applied to the public key distribution of quantum. It is a very prominent technology in which 2 beings can securely communicate along with the sights belongings to quantum physics. However, on basis of classical level cryptography, the used encodes were bits for data. As quantum utilizes the photons or particles polarize ones for encoding the quantized property. This is presented in qubits as a unit. Transmissions depend directly on the inalienable mechanic’s law of quantum for security. This paper includes detailed insight into the three most used and appreciated quantum cryptography applications that are providing its domain-wide service in the field of mobile cloud computing. These services are (it) DARPA Network, (ii) IPSEC implementation, and (iii) the twisted light HD implementation along with quantum elements, key distribution, and protocols.”

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Publication: Materials Today: Proceedings
Issue/Year: Materials Today: Proceedings, 2021
DOI: 10.1016/j.matpr.2021.05.593

Holographic near-eye display based on complex amplitude modulation with band-limited zone plates

Author(s):

Chen, Yun; Hua, Minjie; Zhang, Tianshun; Zhou, Mingxin; Wu, Jianhong & Zou, Wenlong

Abstract:

“A holographic near-eye display (NED) system based on complex amplitude modulation (CAM) with band-limited zone plates is proposed. The whole system mainly consists of a phase-only spatial light modulator (SLM), an Abbe-Porter filter system, an eyepiece, and an image combiner. The point source method based on band limited zone plates is used to accurately control the bandwidth of the target complex amplitude. The effects of intensity modulation coefficient γ in the frequency-filtering method on the intensity and the quality of reconstructed images are analyzed, which provide a judgment basis for selecting the appropriate value of γ. We also derive the expressions of the field of view (FOV) and exit pupil of the NED system. Since the holographic image is magnified in two steps in this system, the large FOV can be obtained. The optical experimental results show that the proposed system can provide a dynamic holographic three-dimensional (3D) augmented reality (AR) display with a 23.5°horizontal FOV.”

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Publication: Optics Express
Issue/Year: Optics Express, Volume 29; Number 14; Pages 22749; 2021
DOI: 10.1364/oe.431032

Single-plane and multiplane quantitative phase imaging by self-reference on-axis holography with a phase-shifting method

Author(s):

Hai, Nathaniel & Rosen, Joseph

Abstract:

“A new quantitative phase imaging approach is proposed based on self-reference holography. Three on-axis interferograms with different values of the phase filter are superposed. The superposition yields a more accurate phase map of the wavefront emerging from the object, compared with standard off-axis interferometry. Reduced temporal noise levels in the measured phase map and efficient phase recovery process for optically thin and thick transmissive phase objects highlight the applicability of the suggested framework for various fields ranging from metrology to bio-imaging. Qualitative phase imaging is also done online without altering the optical configuration. Qualitative phase detections of multiple planes of interest are converted to quantitative phase maps of the multiplane scene by a rapid phase contrast-based phase retrieval algorithm, from a single camera exposure and with no moving parts in the system.”

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Publication: Optics Express
Issue/Year: Optics Express, Volume 29; Number 15; Pages 24210; 2021
DOI: 10.1364/oe.431529

Vision-correcting Holographic Display: Evaluation of Aberration Correcting Hologram

Author(s):

Kim, Dongyeon; Nam, Seung-Woo; Bang, Kiseung; Lee, Byounghyo; Lee, Seungjae; Jeong, Youngmo; Seo, Jongmo & Lee, Byoungho

Abstract:

“Vision-correcting displays are key to achieving physical and physiological comforts to the users with refractive errors. Among such displays are holographic displays, which can provide a high-resolution vision-adaptive solution with complex wavefront modulation. However, none of the existing hologram rendering techniques have considered the optical properties of the human eye nor evaluated the significance of vision correction. Here, we introduce vision-correcting holographic display and hologram acquisition that integrates user-dependent prescriptions and a physical model of the optics, enabling the correction of on-axis and off-axis aberrations. Experimental and empirical evaluations of the vision-correcting holographic displays show the competence of holographic corrections over the conventional vision correction solutions.”

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Publication: Biomedical Optics Express
Issue/Year: Biomedical Optics Express,Vol. 12, Issue 8, pp. 5179-5195, 2021
DOI: 10.1364/boe.433919

Control of femtosecond single-filament formation via feedback-based wavefront shaping

Author(s):

Li, Jing; Tan, Wenjiang; Si, Jinhai; Tang, Shiyun; Kang, Zhen & Hou, Xun

Abstract:

“We demonstrate the control of femtosecond single-filament formation via feedback-based wavefront shaping. It is observed that the optimal phase profile forms a single-filament with closed-loop genetic algorithm. Using this method, the position stability of the filament can be significantly improved, and the position of the single filament can be flexibly adjusted. Additionally, a two-step approach combining the premodulation of pinhole with wavefront shaping is presented for forming a bright single filament rapidly.”

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Publication: Optics Communications
Issue/Year: Optics Communications, Volume 490; Pages 126929; 2021
DOI: 10.1016/j.optcom.2021.126929

Orbital-Angular-Momentum-Controlled Hybrid Nanowire Circuit

Author(s):

Ren, Haoran; Wang, Xiaoxia; Li, Chenhao; He, Chenglin; Wang, Yixiong; Pan, Anlian & Maier, Stefan A.

Abstract:

“Plasmonic nanostructures can enable compact multiplexing of the orbital angular momentum (OAM) of light; however, strong dissipation of the highly localized OAM-distinct plasmonic fields in the near-field region hinders on-chip OAM transmission and processing. Superior transmission efficiency is offered by semiconductor nanowires sustaining highly confined optical modes, but only the polarization degree of freedom has been utilized for their selective excitation. Here we demonstrate that incident OAM beams can selectively excite single-crystalline cadmium sulfide (CdS) nanowires through coupling OAM-distinct plasmonic fields into nanowire waveguides for long-distance transportation. This allows us to build an OAM-controlled hybrid nanowire circuit for optical logic operations including AND and OR gates. In addition, this circuit enables the on-chip photoluminescence readout of OAM-encrypted information. Our results open exciting new avenues not only for nanowire photonics to develop OAM-controlled optical switches, logic gates, and modulators but also for OAM photonics to build ultracompact photonic circuits for information processing.”

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Publication: Nano Letters
Issue/Year: Nano Letters, Volume 21; Number 14; Pages 6220–6227; 2021
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c01979

Direct Tomography of High-Dimensional Density Matrices for General Quantum States of Photons

Author(s):

Zhou, Yiyu; Zhao, Jiapeng; Hay, Darrick; McGonagle, Kendrick; Boyd, Robert W. & Shi, Zhimin

Abstract:

“Quantum-state tomography is the conventional method used to characterize density matrices for general quantum states. However, the data acquisition time generally scales linearly with the dimension of the Hilbert space, hindering the possibility of dynamic monitoring of a high-dimensional quantum system. Here, we demonstrate a direct tomography protocol to measure density matrices of photons in the position basis through the use of a polarization-resolving camera, where the dimension of density matrices can be as large as 580×580 in our experiment. The use of the polarization-resolving camera enables parallel measurements in the position and polarization basis and as a result, the data acquisition time of our protocol does not increase with the dimension of the Hilbert space and is solely determined by the camera exposure time (on the order of 10 ms). Our method is potentially useful for the real-time monitoring of the dynamics of quantum states and paves the way for the development of high-dimensional, time-efficient quantum metrology techniques.”

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Publication: Physical Review Letters
Issue/Year: Physical Review Letters, Volume 127; Number 4; Pages 040402; 2021
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.127.040402