Direct comparison of anti-diffracting optical pin beams and abruptly autofocusing beams

Author(s):

Denghui Li, Domenico Bongiovanni, Michael Goutsoulas, Shiqi Xia, Ze Zhang, Yi Hu, Daohong Song, Roberto Morandotti, Nikolaos K. Efremidis, and Zhigang Chen

Abstract:

“We propose and demonstrate a generalized class of anti-diffracting optical pin-like beams (OPBs). Such beams exhibit autofocusing dynamics while morphing into a Bessel-like shape during long-distance propagation, where the size of their main lobe can be tuned by an exponent’s parameter. In particular, their amplitude envelope can be engineered to preserve the pin-like peak intensity pattern. In both theory and experiment, the OPBs are directly compared with radially symmetric abruptly autofocusing beams (AABs) under the same conditions. Furthermore, enhanced transmission and robustness of the OPBs are observed while traversing a scattering colloidal suspension, as compared to both AABs and conventional Bessel beams.”

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Publication: OSA Continuum
Issue/Year: Vol. 3, Issue 6, pp. 1525-1535 (2020)
DOI: 10.1364/OSAC.391878

Hologram generation via Hilbert transform

Author(s):

Tomoyoshi Shimobaba, Takashi Kakue, Yota Yamamoto, Ikuo Hoshi, Harutaka Shiomi, Takashi Nishitsuji, Naoki Takada, and Tomoyoshi Ito

Abstract:

“We propose an indirect method for generating a complex hologram and phase-only hologram from an amplitude hologram using the Hilbert transform. The Hilbert transform generates an imaginary part of complex amplitude from only an amplitude hologram, resulting in the reduction of the total computational complexity of complex and phase-only holograms. More importantly, the proposed method can reduce the hardware resources of dedicated hologram processors.”

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Publication: OSA Continuum
Issue/Year: Vol. 3, Issue 6, pp. 1498-1503 (2020)
DOI: 10.1364/OSAC.395003

Deep neural networks in single-shot ptychography

Author(s):

Omri Wengrowicz, Or Peleg, Tom Zahavy, Barry Loevsky, and Oren Cohen

Abstract:

“We develop and explore a deep learning based single-shot ptychography reconstruction method. We show that a deep neural network, trained using only experimental data and without any model of the system, leads to reconstructions of natural real-valued images with higher spatial resolution and better resistance to systematic noise than common iterative algorithms.”

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Publication: Optics Express
Issue/Year: Vol. 28, Issue 12, pp. 17511-17520
DOI: 10.1364/OE.393961

WISHED: Wavefront imaging sensor with high resolution and depth ranging

Author(s):

Yicheng Wu, Fengqiang Li, Florian Willomitzer, Ashok Veeraraghavan, Oliver Cossairt

Abstract:

“Phase-retrieval based wavefront sensors have been shown to reconstruct the complex field from an object with a high spatial resolution. Although the reconstructed complex field encodes the depth information of the object, it is impractical to be used as a depth sensor for macroscopic objects, since the unambiguous depth imaging range is limited by the optical wavelength. To improve the depth range of imaging and handle depth discontinuities, we propose a novel three-dimensional sensor by leveraging wavelength diversity and wavefront sensing. Complex fields at two optical wavelengths are recorded, and a synthetic wavelength can be generated by correlating those wavefronts. The proposed system achieves high lateral and depth resolutions. Our experimental prototype shows an unambiguous range of more than 1,000 x larger compared with the optical wavelengths, while the depth precision is up to 9µm for smooth objects and up to 69µm for rough objects. We experimentally demonstrate 3D reconstructions for transparent, translucent, and opaque objects with smooth and rough surfaces.”

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Publication: 2020 IEEE International Conference on Computational Photography (ICCP)
DOI: 10.1109/ICCP48838.2020.9105280

Rotational Doppler shift upon reflection from a right angle prism

Author(s):

O. Emile, J. Emile and C. Brousseau

Abstract:

“This Letter reports the observation of a rotational Doppler shift on reflected beams carrying Orbital Angular Momentum (OAM). More precisely, we study the beat frequency of two optical beams carrying OAM with opposite signs, reflected on a right angle prism. We show that the interference of the two beams leads to a daisy-like pattern that rotates at twice the rotating frequency of the prism. The rotational Doppler frequency shift is equal to the OAM topological charge change times the rotational frequency. Possible applications in the positioning and detection of rotation of objects are then discussed.
This publication was supported by the European Union through the European Research Development Fund (ERDF) and the French Region of Brittany, Ministry of High Education and Research, Rennes Métropole and Conseil Départemental 35, through The CPER project SOPHIE/STIC and Ondes. We wish to acknowledge valuable discussions with Professor K. Mahdjoubi (Université de Rennes 1).”

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Publication: Applied Physics Letters
Issue/Year: Appl. Phys. Lett. Volume:116 (2020)
DOI: 10.1063/5.0009396

Non-interferometric technique to realize vector beams embedded with polarization singularities

Author(s):

Praveen Kumar, Sushanta Kumar Pal, Naveen K. Nishchal, and P. Senthilkumaran

Abstract:

“In this paper, we present a simple and flexible non-interferometric method to generate various polarization singularity lattice fields. The proposed method is based on a double modulation technique that uses a single reflective spatial light modulator to generate different lattice structures consisting of V-point and C-point polarization singularities. The present technique is compact with respect to previous experimental realization techniques. Different structures having star and lemon fields are generated without altering the experimental setup. In addition, the same setup can be used to obtain different types of inhomogeneous fields embedded with isolated polarization singularities even of higher orders. The Stokes polarimetry method has been used to obtain the polarization distributions of generated fields, which are in good agreement with simulated results.”

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Publication: Journal of the Optical Society of America A
Issue/Year: Vol. 37, Issue 6, pp. 1043-1052 (2020)
DOI: 10.1364/JOSAA.393027