Fast calculation of computer-generated hologram of line-drawn objects without FFT

Author(s):

Nishitsuji, Takashi; Shimobaba, Tomoyoshi; Kakue, Takashi & Ito, Tomoyoshi

Abstract:

“Although holographic display technology is one of the most promising three-dimensional (3D) display technologies for virtual and augmented reality, the enormous computational effort required to produce computer-generated holograms (CGHs) to digitally record and display 3D images presents a significant roadblock to the implementation of this technology. One of the most effective methods to implement fast CGH calculations is a diffraction calculation (e.g., angular spectrum diffraction) based on the fast-Fourier transform (FFT). Unfortunately, the computational complexity increases with increasing CGH resolution, which is what determines the size of a 3D image. Therefore, enormous calculations are still required to display a reasonably sized 3D image, even for a simple 3D image. To address this issue, we propose herein a fast CGH algorithm for 3D objects comprised of line-drawn objects at layers of different depths. An aperture formed from a continuous line at a single depth can be regarded as a series of aligned point sources of light, and the wavefront converges for a sufficiently long line. Thus, a CGH of a line-drawn object can be calculated by synthesizing converged wavefronts along the line. Numerical experiments indicate that, compared with the FFT-based method, the proposed method offers a factor-56 gain in speed for calculating 16-k-resolution CGHs from 3D objects composed of twelve line-drawn objects at different depths.”

Link to Publications Page

Publication: Optics Express
Issue/Year: Optics Express, Volume 28; Number 11; Pages 15907; 2020
DOI: 10.1364/oe.389778