Optical vortex with multi-fractional orders

Author(s):

Juntao Hu, Yuping Tai, Liuhao Zhu, Zixu Long, Miaomiao Tang, Hehe Li, Xinzhong Li and Yangjian Cai

Abstract:

“Recently, optical vortices (OVs) have attracted substantial attention because they can provide an additional degree of freedom, i.e., orbital angular momentum (OAM). It is well known that the fractional OV (FOV) is interpreted as a weighted superposition of a series of integer OVs containing different OAM states. However, methods for controlling the sampling interval of the OAM state decomposition and determining the selected sampling OAM state are lacking. To address this issue, in this Letter, we propose a FOV by inserting multiple fractional phase jumps into whole phase jumps (2π), termed as a multi-fractional OV (MFOV). The MFOV is a generalized FOV possessing three adjustable parameters, including the number of azimuthal phase periods (APPs), N; the number of whole phase jumps in an APP, K; and the fractional phase jump, α. The results show that the intensity and OAM of the MFOV are shaped into different polygons based on the APP number. Through OAM state decomposition and OAM entropy techniques, we find that the MFOV is constructed by sparse sampling of the OAM states, with the sampling interval equal to N. Moreover, the probability of each sampling state is determined by the parameter α, and the state order of the maximal probability is controlled by the parameter K, as K * N. This work presents a clear physical interpretation of the FOV, which deepens our understanding of the FOV and facilitates potential applications, especially for multiplexing technology in optical communication based on OAM.
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (Nos. 11974102, 11525418, 91750201, and 11974218), the Open Research Fund of State Key Laboratory of Transient Optics and Photonics, CAS (No. SKLST201901), the Innovation Group of Jinan under Grant No. 2018GXRC010, and the National key Research and Development Project of China (2019YFA0705000).”

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Publication: Applied Physics Letters
Issue/Year/DOI: Appl. Phys. Lett. Volume:116 (2020)
DOI: 10.1063/5.0004692

Method for single-shot fabrication of chiral woodpile photonic structures using phase-controlled interference lithography

Author(s):

Swagato Sarkar, Krishnendu Samanta, and Joby Joseph

Abstract:

“In this report, we propose a large-area, scalable and reconfigurable single-shot
optical fabrication method using phase-controlled interference lithography (PCIL) to realize
submicrometer chiral woodpile photonic structures. This proposed technique involves a 3 + 3
double-cone geometry with beams originated from a computed phase mask displayed on a single
spatial light modulator. Simulation studies show the filtering response of such structures for
linearly polarized plane wave illumination, with structural features tunable through a single
parameter of interference angle. Further, these single chiral woodpile structures show dual
chirality on illumination with both right circularly and left circularly polarized light through
simulation. Experimentally fabricated patterns on photoresist show resemblance to the desired
chiral woodpile structures.”

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Publication: Optics Express

Issue/Year/DOI: Volume 28, Issue 3, pp. 4347-4361
DOI: 10.1364/OE.384987

Rapid phase calibration of a spatial light modulator using novel phase masks and optimization of its efficiency using an iterative algorithm

Author(s):

Amar Deo Chandra and Ayan Banerjee

Abstract:

“We develop an improved phase calibration method of a reflective SLM using interferometry by employing novel phase masks. In the process, we definitively determine the actual maximum phase throw of our SLM which provides a recipe for users to verify supplier specifications. We generate optimised phase masks by using Iterative Fourier Transform Algorithm (IFTA) and compare their performance with global linear corrections in the look-up table (LUT) and find that the former perform with around 20% better efficiency. Besides obtaining an array of 1D/2D spots having high uniformity (90%) using IFTA, our result exemplifies the use of iterative algorithms for improving efficiency of phase limited SLMs. Finally, our improved phase calibration method enables threefold faster phase measurements, and to the best of our knowledge, is the first endeavour directed towards enabling rapid phase characterisation of an SLM using interferometric measurements. We believe that it can have very useful applications in settings which may require fast phase calibrations as well as for real-time, multi-wavelength spectroscopic applications.”

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Publication: Journal of Modern Optics

Issue/Year/DOI: Volume 67- Issue 7
DOI: 10.1080/09500340.2020.1760954

Flexible measurement of high-order optical orbital angular momentum with a variable cylindrical lens pair

Author(s):

Jianneng Lu, Chongyang Cao, Zhuqing Zhu and Bing Gu

Abstract:

“We present a method to measure the high-order optical orbital angular momentum (OAM) with a variable cylindrical lens pair. The optical system consists of two cylindrical lenses with the opposite focal length. It produces a rotating position—spatial frequency transformation of phase modulation by changing the angle between the two cylindrical lenses. With this feature, the method can flexibly measure the OAM states of the vortex beams with different beam waists. The OAM states are determined by the number and direction of dark stripes of the diffraction pattern. The measurements of the topological charge and the radial index of Laguerre–Gaussian mode are demonstrated. As a compact high-order OAM measuring device, the variable cylindrical lens pair may find potential applications in optical communication.
This work was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 11774055 and 61875093), the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province of China (No. BK20181384) and the Natural Science Foundation of Tianjin of China (No. 19JCYBJC16500).”

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Publication: Applied Physics Letters

Issue/Year/DOI: Appl. Phys. Lett. Volume:116 (2020)
DOI: 10.1063/5.0002756

Generation of composite vortex beams by independent Spatial Light Modulator pixel addressing

Author(s):

Mateusz Szatkowski, Jan Masajada, Ireneusz Augustyniak and Klaudia Nowacka

Abstract:

“The composite optical beams being a result of superposition, are a promising way to study the orbital angular momentum and its effects. Their wide range of applications makes them attractive and easily available due to the growing interest in the Spatial Light Modulators (SLM). In this paper, we present a simple method for generating composite vortex patterns with high symmetry. Our method is simple, flexible and gives perfectly aligned beams, insensitive to mechanical vibrations. This method is based on the ability to split SLM cells between phase patterns that are to be superposed. This approach allows control of the intensity relation between those structures, enables their rotation and is capable to superpose more than two such structures.
In this paper, we examine its ability to produce superposition of two optical vortices by presenting both theoretical and experimental results. ”

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Publication: Optics Communications

Issue/Year/DOI: Volume 463
DOI: 10.1016/j.optcom.2020.125341

High-resolution imaging system with an annular aperture of coded phase masks for endoscopic applications

Author(s):

Nitin Dubey, Joseph Rosen, and Israel Gannot

Abstract:

“Partial aperture imaging is a combination of two different techniques; coded aperture imaging and imaging through an aperture that is only a part of the complete disk, commonly used as the aperture of most imaging systems. In the present study, the partial aperture is a ring where the imaging through this aperture resolves small details of the observed scene similarly to the full disk aperture with the same diameter. However, unlike the full aperture, the annular aperture enables using the inner area of the ring for other applications. In this study, we consider the implementation of this special aperture in medical imaging instruments, such as endoscopes, for imaging internal cavities in general and of the human body in particular. By using this annular aperture, it is possible to transfer through the internal open circle of the ring other elements such as surgical tools, fibers and illumination devices. In the proposed configuration, light originated from a source point passes through an annular coded aperture and creates a sparse, randomly distributed, intensity dot pattern on the camera plane. A combination of the dot patterns, each one recorded only once, is used as the point spread hologram of the imaging system. The image is reconstructed digitally by cross correlation between the object intensity response and the point spread hologram.”

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Publication: Optics Express

Issue/Year/DOI: Vol. 28, Issue 10, pp. 15122-15137
DOI: 10.1364/OE.391713

Fabrication of oil–water separation copper filter by spatial light modulated femtosecond laser

Author(s):

Xiaoyan Sun, Zhuolin Dong, Kaifan Cheng, Dongkai Chu, Dejian Kong, Youwang Hu and Ji’an Duan

Abstract:

“Surface with oil–water separation performance has attracted more and more attention in the application of oil-containing wastewater purification. Much related work has been done by many researchers. However, there are still many difficulties in rapid manufacturing of filter membranes with special wettability. In this paper, an efficient, flexible method to fabricate microporous arrays by using a femtosecond (fs) laser combined with a spatial light modulator is proposed. The laser treated copper sheet surface shows hydrophobic and superoleophilic properties due to the microstructure. Meanwhile, the array of micro-through-holes on the surface can allow oil to penetrate through holes and prevent water from penetrating. The manufacturing process is not only extremely efficient, with a 10 × 10 focus array used in the ablation, but also it is without chemical method and the filter presents a long-term stable hydrophobic and superoleophilic performance.”

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Publication: Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering

Issue/Year/DOI: Volume 30, Number 6
DOI: 10.1088/1361-6439/ab870d

Experimental optical trapping of micro-particles with Frozen Waves

Author(s):

Rafael A. B. Suarez and Antonio A. R. Neves and Marcos R. R. Gesualdi and Leonardo A. Ambrosio and Michel Zamboni-Rached

Abstract:

“This work presents the first optical trapping experimental demonstration of micro-particles with Frozen Waves. Frozen Waves are an efficient method to model longitudinally the intensity of non-diffracting beams obtained by superposing co-propagating Bessel beams with the same frequency and order. The experimental setup of a holographic optical tweezers using spatial light modulators has been assembled and optimized. We investigate the optical force distribution acting on micro-particles of two types of Frozen Waves.The results show that it is possible to obtain greater stability for optical trapping using Frozen Waves. The significant enhancement in trapping geometry from this approach shows promising applications for optical tweezers, micro-manipulations over a broad range. ”

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Publication: Optics Letters
Issue/Year/DOI: Vol. 45, Issue 9, pp. 2514-2517
DOI: 10.1364/OL.390909

Amplitude-phase optimized long depth of focus femtosecond axilens beam for single-exposure fabrication of high-aspect-ratio microstructures

Author(s):

Deng Pan, Bing Xu, Shunli Liu, Jiawen Li, Yanlei Hu, Dong Wu, and Jiaru Chu

Abstract:

“Fabrication of high-aspect-ratio (HAR) micro/nanostructures by two-photon polymerization (TPP) has become a hot topic because of the advantages of ultra-high resolution and true 3D printing ability. However, the low efficiency caused by point-by-point scanning strategy limits its application. In this Letter, we propose a strategy for the rapid fabrication of HAR microstructures by combining TPP with an amplitude-phase optimized long depth of focus laser beam (LDFB). The optimization of the LDFB is implemented by modulating the amplitude and phase on a phase-only spatial light modulator, which can suppress the side lobe and smooth energy oscillations effectively. The LDFB is used for rapid fabrication of HAR micropillars and various microstructures, which greatly increases the fabrication efficiency. As a demonstration, several typical HAR microstructures such as assemblies, microchannels, microtubes, and cell scaffolds are prepared. Moreover, the microcapture arrays are rapidly fabricated for the capture of microspheres and the formation of microlens arrays, which show focusing and imaging ability.”

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Publication: Optics Letters
Issue/Year/DOI: Vol. 45, Issue 9, pp. 2584-2587 (2020)
DOI: 10.1364/OL.389946