Intracavity vortex beam generation

Author(s): Darryl Naidoo, Andrew Forbes, Kamel Aït-Ameur

Abstract:

“In this paper we explore vortex beams and in particular the generation of single LG0l modes and superpositions thereof. Vortex beams carry orbital angular momentum (OAM) and this intrinsic property makes them prevalent in transferring this OAM to matter and to be used in quantum information processing. We explore an extra-cavity and intra-cavity approach in LG0l mode generation respectively. The outputs of a Porro-prism resonator are represented by “petals” and we show that through a full modal decomposition, the “petal” fields are a superposition of two LG0l modes.”

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Publication: SPIE Proceedings, (subscription required)

Issue/Year/DOI: Proc. SPIE, Volume 8130, 813009 (2011)
doi:10.1117/12.902330

Poynting vector and orbital angular momentum density of superpositions of Bessel beams

Author(s): Igor A. Litvin, Angela Dudley, and Andrew Forbes

Abstract:

“We study theoretically the orbital angular momentum (OAM) density in arbitrary scalar optical fields, and outline a simple approach using only a spatial light modulator to measure this density. We demonstrate the theory in the laboratory by creating superpositions of non-diffracting Bessel beams with digital holograms, and find that the OAM distribution in the superposition field matches the predicted values. Knowledge of the OAM distribution has relevance in optical trapping and tweezing, and quantum information processing.”

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Publication: Optics Express, (free download)

Issue/Year/DOI: Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 18, pp. 16760-16771 (2011)
doi:10.1364/OE.19.016760

Quantum control of electron spins in the two-dimensional electron gas of a CdTe quantum well with a pair of Raman-resonant phase-locked laser pulses

Author(s): Timothy M. Sweeney, Carey Phelps, and Hailin Wang

Abstract:

“We demonstrated optical spin control of a two-dimensional electron gas in a modulation-doped CdTe quantum well by driving a spin-flip Raman transition with a pair of phase-locked laser pulses. In contrast to single-pulse optical spin control, which features a fixed spin-rotation axis, manipulation of the initial relative phase of the pulse pair enables us to control the axis of the optical spin rotation. We show that the Raman pulse pair acts like an effective microwave field, mapping the relative optical phase onto the phase of the electron spin polarization and making possible ultrafast, all-optical, and full quantum control of the electron spins.”

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Publication: Physical Review B, (subscription required)

Issue/Year/DOI: Phys. Rev. B, Volume 84, Issue 7, (2011)
doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.84.075321