Image Transmission Through an Opaque Material

Author(s): S. M. Popoff, G. Lerosey, M. Fink, A.C. Boccara, S. Gigan


“Optical imaging relies on the ability to illuminate an object and to collect and make sense of the light it scatters or transmit. Propagation through complex media such as biological tissues was so far believed to degrade the attainable depth as well as the resolution for imaging cite{sebbah2001introduction} because of multiple scattering. This is why such media are usually considered opaque. Recent experiments have demonstrated that multiply scattered light can in fact be harnessed thanks to wavefront control, and even put to profit to surpass what one can achieve within a homogenous medium in terms of focusing. Very recently, we have proven that it is possible to measure the complex mesoscopic optical transmission channels that allow light to traverse through an opaque medium. Here we show that we can optimally exploit those channels to coherently transmit and recover with a high fidelity an arbitrary image, independently of the complexity of the propagation. Our approach gives a general framework for coherent imaging in complex media, going well beyond focusing. It is valid for any linear complex media, and could be extended to several novel photonic materials, whatever the amount of scattering or disorder (from complete disorder to weakly disordered photonic crystals, and from superdiffusive to Anderson localization). ”

Link to Publications Page / physics
Issue/Year:arXiv:1005.0532 (May 2010)