Automated trapping, assembly, and sorting with holographic optical tweezers

Author(s): Stephen C. Chapin, Vincent Germain, and Eric R. Dufresne

Abstract:

“We combine real-time feature recognition with holographic optical tweezers to automatically trap, assemble, and sort micron-sized colloidal particles. Closed loop control will enable new applications of optical micromanipulation in biology, medicine, materials science, and possibly quantum computation.”

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Publication: Optics Express
Issue/Year: Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 26, pp. 13095-13100 , 2006
DOI: 10.1364/OE.14.013095

Wavelet-modified fringe-adjusted joint transform correlator

Author(s): Alpana Bhagatji, Naveen K. Nishchal, and Arun K. Gupta, B. P. Tyagi

Abstract:

“In this paper, we implement a wavelet-modified fringe-adjusted joint transform correlator (JTC) for real-time target recognition applications. In real-time situation the input scene is captured using a CCD/thermal camera. The obtained joint power spectrum is multiplied with a pre-synthesized fringe-adjusted filter and the resultant function is processed with an appropriately scaled wavelet filter. The wavelet-modified fringe-adjusted JTC has been found to yield better results in comparison to the conventional fringe-adjusted JTC. To suppress the undesired strong dc, the resultant function is differentiated. Differential processing the wavelet-modified fringe-adjusted joint power spectrum removes the zero-order spectra and hence improves the detection efficiency. To focus the correlation terms in different planes in order to capture one of the desired autocorrelation peaks and discard the strong dc and another autocorrelation peak, chirp-encoding technique has also been applied. Computer simulation and experimental results are presented. ”

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Publication: SPIE Proceedings
Issue/Year: Proc. SPIE, Vol. 6405, 640513 (2006);
DOI: 10.1117/12.697891

A liquid crystal atmospheric turbulence simulator

Author(s): Lifa Hu, Li Xuan, Zhaoliang Cao, Quanquan Mu, Dayu Li, and Yonggang Liu

Abstract:

“In the paper, a method to calculate the time evolution turbulence wavefronts based on the covariance method is theoretically presented in detail. According to it, the time-evolution wavefronts disturbed by atmospheric turbulence were experimentally generated by our LC atmospheric turbulence simulator (ATS) based on liquid crystal on silicon (LCOS) with high pixel density, and measured with a wavefront sensor. The advantage of such a LC ATS over a conventional one is that it is flexible with considering the weather parameters of wind speed and Cn², and is relatively easy to control.”

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Publication: Optics Express
Issue/Year: Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 25, pp. 11911-11918 (2006)
DOI: 10.1364/OE.14.011911

Direct measurement of the skew angle of the Poynting vector in a helically phased beam

Author(s): Jonathan Leach, Stephen Keen, Miles J. Padgett, Christopher Saunter, and Gordon D. Love

Abstract:

“We measure the local skew angle of the Poynting vector within a helically-phased, exp (il φ), beam using a Shack Hartmann wavefront sensor. It is the skew angle of the Poynting vector with respect to the beam axis that gives rise to the orbital angular momentum of a light beam. We confirm that this skew angle is l/kr, corresponding to an orbital angular momentum of lћ per photon. Measurement of orbital angular momentum in this way is an alternative to interferometric techniques giving a non-ambiguous result to both the magnitude and sign of l from a single measurement, without any restriction on the optical bandwidth.”

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Publication: Optics Express
Issue/Year: Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 25, pp. 11919-11924 (2006)
DOI: 10.1364/OE.14.011919

Optimization of Liquid-Crystal Spatial Light Modulator for Precise Phase Generation

Author(s): Seow-Hwang Eng; Dong Mei Cai; Zhenglin Wang; Alameh, K.; Wenhan Jiang;

Abstract:

“Spatial light modulators (SLMs) are recently emerging as wavefront generation or reconstruction devices. In this paper, we use a liquid-crystal SLM (LC-SLM) as a wavefront generation device through the modulation of the spatial phase distribution of an incident light beam. We characterize the phase modulation performance of the LC-SLM, and identified a polarization-configuration to minimize its amplitude modulation effects in order to maximize the contrast of reconstructed phase holograms. We also investigated the feasibility of determining the optical surface uniformity of the LC-SLM through computations of the interference fringes, and identified the disadvantages of this method. This new approach may be used to determine the optical surface quality of other optical devices.”

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Publication: Conference on Optoelectronic and Microelectronic Materials and Devices
Issue/Year: Conference on Optoelectronic and Microelectronic Materials and Devices (2006)
DOI: 10.1109/COMMAD.2006.4429891